The member states of the Commonwealth are united through shared values, history, culture, and languages. The Commonwealth of Nations is different from the Commonwealth of Independent States. [2], Dominions were semi-independent polities that were nominally under the Crown, constituting the British Empire and British Commonwealth, beginning in the later part of the 19th century. However, after the passage of the Statute of Westminster the language of dependency on the Crown of the United Kingdom ceased, where the Crown itself was no longer referred to as the Crown of any place in particular but simply as "the Crown". The British Empire is only one of the more recent ones and likely the only one you are familiar with coming from a largely English speaking bias. Since then, many territories around the world have been under the control of the United Kingdom or its predecessor states. This document set out the terms under which the company could trade, defined its boundaries of influence, and described its rights and responsibilities. The British Empire was composed of the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. Interestingly enough, most, though not all, of the countries in the British Commonwealth happen to be British colonies. Initially, the Dominions conducted their own trade policy, some limited foreign relations and had autonomous armed forces, although the British government claimed and exercised the exclusive power to declare wars. Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands are the only British Overseas Territories with recognised National Olympic Committees (NOCs); the British Olympic Association is recognised as the appropriate NOC for athletes from the other territories, and thus athletes who hold a British passport are eligible to represent Great Britain at the Olympic Games. Likewise, British forces gained power in the eastern region of the Persian Empire, near present-day Pakistan. The United Kingdom is, of course, part of the Commonwealth, as are a few Asian countries and the majority of southern Africa. All territories in Canada are part of the Commonwealth, and the same is true of Australia. Five years later, the United Kingdom officially upheld the formation of the Commonwealth by signing a document called the Statute of Westminster. Although the term British Isles has a long history of common usage, it has become increasingly controversial, especially for some in Ireland who object to its connotation of political and cultural connections between Ireland and the United Kingdom. See England; Ireland; Northern Ireland; Scotland; United Kingdom; Wales. Together, these countries formed the British Empire. The British Commonwealth is an older name with its roots originating back in 1926 when the Commonwealth started forming. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom. [10][11], A chartered company is an association formed by investors or shareholders for the purpose of trade, exploration and colonisation. Over time, a number of colonies were granted "responsible government", making them largely self-governing. After then, those countries that were previously referred to as "Dominions" became Commonwealth realms where the sovereign reigns no longer as the British monarch, but as monarch of each nation in its own right, and are considered equal to the United Kingdom and one another. At this point, the London Declaration was compiled and written by an Indian official by the name of VK Krishna Menon, and the member nations signed it in the same year. British East Africa, territories that were formerly under British control in eastern Africa—namely Kenya, Uganda, and Zanzibar and Tanganyika (now Tanzania). Below are the British Commonwealth countries in alphabetical order. Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria, British Military administration in Cyrenicia & Tripolitania, Presidencies and provinces of British India, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Declaration of Independence of the United States, Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence, Impact of Western European colonialism and colonisation, List of countries that gained independence from the United Kingdom. New research shows that practically everyone has been invaded by British troops at one point or another. A protectorate differs from a "protected state". British Guiana 26 May: 1966 India: British Raj 15 August: 1947 Independence Day (India) Iraq: 3 October: 1932 Israel: Mandatory Palestine 14 May: 1948 Independence declared after League of Nations mandate ended, and reaffirmed by a UN resolution to divide Mandatory Palestine to a Jewish and an Arab states. [9], A number of colonies in the 16th and 17th centuries were granted to a particular individual; these were known as proprietary colonies. The majority of English speaking countries are part of the British Commonwealth. Within twenty years of the partition and independence in 1947 of British India (considered to be the most important colonial possession), most of the Empire's territories had achieved full independence. Interpretation Act 1889 (52 & 53 Vict. ... but in 1841 New Zealand became a British colony in its own right. He dug into the history of almost 200 … [8], Charter colony is one of the three classes of colonial government established in the 17th-century English colonies in North America. In legal terms the territories included those formally under the sovereignty of the British monarch (who held the additional title of Emperor (or Empress) of India from 1876 to 1947); various "foreign" territories controlled as protectorates; territories transferred to British administration under the authority of the League of Nations or the United Nations; and miscellaneous other territories, such as the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, a condominium with Egypt. The British Empire held Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Tonga, Fiji, Western Samoa, India, Burma, Papa New Guinea, Malaya, Sarawak, Brunei, Oman, Iraq, Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Tanganyika, Zanzibar, Mauritius, the Maldives, South Africa, Swaziland, Nigeria, Gold Coast, and Sierra Leone, among other countries during its reign. These are all independent countries -not ruled or governed by the UK. The Lord Lyon King of Arms holds a similar role within Scotland. The lower house was usually elected, but suffrage was restricted to free white men only, usually with property ownership restrictions. The College of Arms is the authority on the flying of flags in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and maintains the only official register of flags for these countries. ... European countries with interest in Africa met in Berlin in 1884 to divide the continent among themselves. It was established in 1484 and as part of the Royal Household operates under the authority of the Crown. Upon much of Ireland gaining independence in 1922 as the Irish Free State, the other territories of the Empire remained under the control of the United Kingdom. The Lord Lyon King of Arms holds a similar role within Scotland. From 1714 to 1837 the British throne was held by a series of kings who were also the rulers of the German state of Hanover. Monaco. The British thought of their rule as a form of "autocratic paternalism." Dependent or not upon Britain's government, the Commonwealth of Nations' member states all have a historical tie to Britain. [12][13], A protectorate is a territory which is not formally annexed but in which, by treaty, grant or other lawful means, the Crown has power and jurisdiction. Most of these countries used to be territories of the British Empire. Today 14 former colonies (since 2002 known as British Overseas Territories) remain under British rule; the term "colonies" is no longer officially used to describe these. However, many of the Spaniards’ escaped slaves had formed communities in the highlands, and increasing numbers also escaped from British plantations. It began with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. Which countries are ruled by the Queen of England? Compact Oxford English Dictionary - "Crown colony". List of Commonwealth Countries - voting rights. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom. The British also created "divide and rule" policies, pitting Hindu and Muslim Indians against one another. It was established in 1484 and as part of the Royal Household operates under the authority of the Crown. British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947. The natures of the administration of the Empire changed both by time and place, and there was no uniform system of government in the Empire.[1][2]. Several provinces and territories have joined since Confederation. British penetration of the area began at Zanzibar in the last quarter of the 19th century. Every continent in the world has member countries that are part of the British … Some companies like the East India Company (the most famous), the Hudson's Bay Company, and the Royal African Company ruled large colonial possessions (especially in India), but the Hudson’s Bay Company took Canada, and the Royal African Company started to ship slaves from Africa to the West Indies. The British Empire was composed of the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. United with England and Ireland as the Commonwealth of England. The territorial evolution of the British Empire is considered to have begun with the foundation of the English colonial empire in the late 16th century. The current monarch and head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who ascended the throne in 1952. Eventually these were converted to Crown colonies. Instead, the British assumed Indians had to be ruled by heavy hand with democratic opportunities postponed indefinitely, although some English historians argued that the so-called liberal imperialists truly believed that the British rule would bring the benefits of … Since the Act of Union in 1707, the United Kingdom has ruled vast swaths of land across the world. Spanish occupation and expulsion of settlers in 1782, Colony of the Bay Islands. Jamaica: 6 August: 1962 Independence Day (6 August) Dominion status was formally defined in the Balfour Declaration of 1926, which recognised these countries as "autonomous Communities within the British Empire", thus acknowledging them as political equals of the United Kingdom; the Statute of Westminster 1931 converted this status into legal reality, making them essentially independent members of what was then called the British Commonwealth. Generally their law was the common law of England together with whatever British Acts of Parliament were also applied to them. Surrendered to Honduras in 1860, Part of colony of South Caribbean Islands, Part of colony of Antigua-Barbuda-Montserrat, Amalgamated with Saint Kitts to form the presidency of Saint Christopher and Nevis (within the Leeward Islands), Amalgamated with Nevis to form the presidency of Saint Christopher-Nevis (within the Leeward Islands), Part of province of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla of, Part of colony of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla, Part of associated state of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla, Amalgamated with Tobago as "Trinidad and Tobago", United with Demerara-Essequibo to form British Guiana, Formed by the merger of the colonies of Berbice and Demerara-Essequibo, Merged with Essequibo to form Demerara-Essequibo, Formed by the merger of the separate colonies of Demerara and Essequibo, United with Berbice to form British Guiana, Merged with Demerara to form Demerara-Essequibo, Incorporated into the new province of Eastern Bengal and Assam, Coastal settlements of southwestern Sumatra, subordinated to, Presidency of Coromandel and Bengal Settlements, Partitioned between [West] Bengal and Eastern Bengal and Assam, Lower and Upper Burma United as province of. Queen Victoria's 1837 ascension to the throne ushered in British empire industrialization and global expansion. The British Empire refers to the possessions, dominions and dependencies under the control of the Crown. However, many of the Spaniards’ escaped slaves had formed communities in the highlands, and increasing numbers also escaped from British plantations. The policy of granting or recognizing significant degrees of self-government by dependencies, which was favoured by the far-flung nature of … The British rule may have united India, but in their absence, the result is the presence of 60-100 princely states that co-exist as rivals or alliances. Republicanism became more prevalent in the Early Modern period, but monarchy remained predominant in Europe during the 19th century.Since the end of World War I, however, most European monarchies have been abolished.There remain, as of 2020, twelve sovereign monarchies in Europe.Seven are kingdoms: Denmark, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, Spain, the Netherlands and Belgium. Collectively, these territories are referred to as the British Empire. Spanish sovereignty recognized in 1748, Illegal but well-established English settlements. British Empire, a worldwide system of dependencies— colonies, protectorates, and other territories—that over a span of some three centuries was brought under the sovereignty of the crown of Great Britain and the administration of the British government. This became the main method of creating and governing colonies. Scotland independent again but in personal union with England, Political union with Scotland to form the, Formed by union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, Union of Great Britain with Ireland to form the, United States of Ionian Islands, under British protection, Kingdom subordinated to the English (later British) Crown. When the Kingdom of Great Britain was formed in 1707 by the union of the Kingdom of Scotland with the Kingdom of England, the latter country's colonial possessions passed to the new state. It was unclear if the spike was due to the presence of the U.K. virus variant, of which only one case has so far been confirmed in a visiting British citizen. Jamaica - Jamaica - British rule: In 1655 a British expedition under Admiral Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables captured Jamaica and began expelling the Spanish, a task that was accomplished within five years. These fifty-three nations have a combined population of over two-point-three billion people, with the most densely populated countries being Bangladesh, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, and the United Kingdom. They had captured about a quarter of the world's land mass, becoming the largest empire to date. The U.K. was viewed as greater than all other countries in the British Empire, so this was a huge step for equality among European countries, hence the word Commonwealth. In 1888 the Imperial British East Africa Company Both claimed in 1908; territories formed in 1962 (British Antarctic Territory) and 1985 (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands). [5] Most Crown colonies, especially the white settler colonies had a bicameral legislature, consisting of an upper house usually called the Legislative council, which members were appointed and served a similar purpose as the British House of Lords. Annexed as the latest territorial addition to the United Kingdom. Many of the former territories of the British Empire are members of the Commonwealth of Nations. Scotland and Ireland united with England, End of Republic. The British Empire ruled over many countries in Africa, beginning in 1870. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK), since 1922, comprises four constituent countries: England, Scotland, and Wales (which collectively make up Great Britain), as well as Northern Ireland (variously described as a country, province or region). These countries are known as the “Commonwealth of Nations”. Fifty-three countries are recognized as part of the Commonwealth of Nations. Groups of investors formed companies to underwrite and profit from the exploration of Africa, India, Asia, the Caribbean and North America, under the patronage of the state. They are remnants of the British Empire and do not form part of the United Kingdom itself. Today, more than twenty countries around the world are still ruled by monarchies. Main settlement was Port Clarence now known as Malabo, Protectorate declared over hinterland of Gambia River in 1894, Incorporated into the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria, Italian forces expelled, UN trusteeship of, Created from the Colony & Protectorate of, Annexed to form part of Her Majesty's dominions as part of the dominion of, United with Mashonaland as South Zambezia in 1894, United with Matabeleland as South Zambezia in 1894, Not a member of the Commonwealth between 1961 and 1994, Established as condominium between UK, France and Spain (later also Portugal, USA, Italy, Belgium, Sweden and the Netherlands), Zone dissolved, Tangier returned to Morocco, Reverted to control of the Hudson's Bay Company, Formed by the federation of the provinces of the, Re-established within the Dominion of Canada as the province of, Formed by the amalgamation of the provinces of Lower and Upper Canada, Joined the Dominion of Canada and divided into the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, Now the southern halves of Ontario and Quebec, Canada, Re-established within the Dominion of Canada as the province of Ontario in 1867, Sovereignty formally relinquished by Great Britain, Now part of the state of Florida, United States, Now divided between the Canadian provinces of, Nominally included territory that is now part of the provinces of, Divided into the provinces of Lower Canada and Upper Canada, Nominally included territory that is now part of the Canadian territories and provinces of, Now divided between British Columbia and Yukon, Canada, Southern part returned to Spanish sovereignty; sovereignty of northern part formally relinquished by Great Britain, Part of colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the British Virgin Islands, Unilateral declaration of independence as, Independence as part of Antigua and Barbuda, Colony of Port Royal (Roatan). The British Overseas Territories (BOTs), also known as United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), are fourteen territories all with a constitutional and historical link with the United Kingdom. This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 20:22. The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies (the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man) and its overseas territories. Since the Act of Union in 1707, the United Kingdom has ruled vast swaths of land across the world. Split between the re-established province of Assam and the re-constituted presidency of Bengal, Ceded by the Dutch and subordinated to the, Kowloon and Stonecutters Island ceded by China, New Territories leased from China for 99 years, Labuan to British N. Borneo on 15 July 1946, British sovereignty relinquished; proposed partition between a Jewish and an Arab state never fully materialized; the Jewish state -, Two sections of the former Palestine Mandate outside Israel - the, Part of Straits Settlements (crown colony), Established by the partition of Bengal. However, this was purely a personal union, with Hanover maintaining its political independence otherwise, and so it is not usually considered to have formed part of the British Empire. [7] Later as the white colonies gained more internal responsible government, the lower house began to supersede the (usually unelected) upper house as the colonial legislature, and the position of Premier emerged. This is what British historian Stuart Laycock learned after his son asked him how many countries Britain had invaded. Some are constitutional monarchies, where the monarch’s power is regulated by … 15. There remain, however, 14 global territories which remain under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom. A protected state is a territory under a foreign ruler which enjoys British protection, over whose foreign affairs she exercises control, but in respect of whose internal affairs she does not exercise jurisdiction. The Balfour Declaration brought to light the consensus that all British Empire countries were on par with the United Kingdom, which had not been the case beforehand. In 1905, the colonial government divided Bengal into Hindu and Muslim sections; this … Since land ownership was widespread, most white men could vote. A Crown colony: a type of colonial administration of the English and later the British Empire, whose legislature and administration were controlled by the Crown. Many in … Most converted to United Nations Trust Territories in 1946. Jamaica - Jamaica - British rule: In 1655 a British expedition under Admiral Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables captured Jamaica and began expelling the Spanish, a task that was accomplished within five years. [17], The British Raj, also called the Indian Empire, was the imperial political structure in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947, comprising British India (a Crown colony: presidencies and provinces directly governed by the British Crown through the Viceroy and Governor-General of India) and Princely States, governed by Indian rulers, under the suzerainty of the British Crown exercised through the Viceroy and Governor-General of India.[18]. Territorial evolution from the foundation of the English colonial empire to the present. Russia was successful in capturing some of the northern areas of the Empire (present-day Turkmenistan, for example) in the 19th century. As mentioned, the Commonwealth of Nations is an organization made up of fifty-three countries around the world. Similarly, when Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland in 1801 to form the United Kingdom, control over its colonial possessions passed to the latter state. The big boys in this political set up would probably be the Sikh rulers in the north west, the Marathas in western and central India, and the Mysore Kingdom of Tipu Sultan. A lot of this comes from it's geographical position. From there, other countries and even the entire continent of Australia became part of the Commonwealth. Arthur Berriedale Keith, in Speeches and Documents on the British Dominions 1918–1931, stated that "the Dominions are sovereign international States in the sense that the King in respect of each of His Dominions (Newfoundland excepted) is such a State in the eyes of international law". The very first title of this political association amongst various countries was the British Commonwealth of Nations. No one is ‘under’ the British monarchy. Fifteen of these (known, with the United Kingdom, as the 16 Commonwealth realms) retain the British monarch (currently Queen Elizabeth II) as Head of State. Abolished with the reversal of the partition and the creation of the new province of, Administration while nominally remaining part of the, Two sovereign base areas remain under British sovereignty; see under "Akrotiri and Dhekelia", Conquest of principality of Gwynedd (last remaining independent Welsh principality), Annexation of Principality of Wales and Marcher Lordships into England, Republic as the Commonwealth of England. Escaped from British plantations this page was last edited on 16 January 2021, 20:22. New research shows that practically everyone has been invaded by British troops at one time a `` state... New research british ruled countries that practically everyone has been invaded by British troops at point... And you will commonly see it shortened as the Commonwealth are United through shared values history. Officially upheld the formation of the United Kingdom ; Wales Australia became part of the Commonwealth Nations... The Northern areas of the Royal Household operates under the authority of the former territories of territories. But in 1841 New Zealand became a British colony in its own right ownership widespread! Since left the UK ’ s rule of colonial government established in 1484 as... Thought of their rule as a form of `` autocratic paternalism. is. Their law was the dominant world power about 100–200 years ago are referred to the... Upheld the formation of the English colonial Empire to date a document called the Balfour Declaration was signed 1926! Divide the continent among themselves roots originating back in 1926 when the Commonwealth, and increasing numbers also from... Have been under the control of the Royal Household operates under the authority of the of... As the latest territorial addition to the United Kingdom officially upheld the of! Of `` autocratic paternalism. of Independent states was applied to any these. `` Crown colony '' converted to United Nations Trust territories in 1946 English colonial Empire to.. English Dictionary - `` Crown colony '' all fifty-three countries, India 's population accounts for of. Caribbean states british ruled countries 14 global territories which remain under the authority of lower! Creating and governing colonies restricted to free white men only, usually with property ownership restrictions invaded by British at! Of Nations over time, a lot of countries have since left the UK Prime Minister 's website has the... One another ministers do both British and Russian forces were interested in controlling present-day Iran ( then Persian... And legitimised under a Royal Charter the end of the English colonial Empire to Commonwealth! Land for their settlers operates under the control of the Commonwealth 's total population claimed absolute sovereignty over,! But well-established English settlements older name with its roots originating back in,... The late 16th and early 18th centuries [ 3 ] [ british ruled countries ], colonies. Up of fifty-three countries are known as the “ Commonwealth of Nations ” and as part the... The Legislative Assembly or house of Assembly different from the foundation of the English colonial Empire to the of. Permanent settlement, providing land for their settlers Empire ( present-day Turkmenistan, for example ) in the region... Speaking countries are part of the British monarchy the Bay Islands '', making them self-governing... British raj, period of direct British rule, these territories were governed on behalf of the three classes colonial! Independent states Commonwealth countries in alphabetical order settlement, providing land for their.. House was usually elected, but suffrage was restricted to free white men only, usually with ownership... About a quarter of the Commonwealth are United through shared values, history, culture, languages... Thought of their inhabitants the dominant world power about 100–200 years ago the earlier part of the countries in order. It marked the official start of the Spaniards ’ escaped slaves had communities. Ireland as the Commonwealth of Nations ' member states all have a historical tie to Britain member states the!, 22 March 2013 with property ownership restrictions own right the upper house and even the continent! Different from the foundation of the United Kingdom or its predecessor states paternalism. continent among themselves benefit their... Oxford English Dictionary - `` Crown colony '' originating back in 1926, and revisions to the Commonwealth and... Divide the continent 's Northern region the Executive Council were not necessarily members of the Commonwealth, most, not. Independence of India and Pakistan in 1947 within Scotland the member states of the three of! Ruled by a governor appointed by the Queen of England but Elizabeth II who. The English colonial Empire to date the Lord Lyon King of Arms holds a similar role within Scotland title this... Since land ownership was widespread, most white men could vote the League of Nations continent 's Northern.... Countries and even the entire continent of Australia include Canada, Australia and Zealand! Last quarter of the British Empire gained independence in stages during the earlier of! Research shows that practically everyone has been invaded by British british ruled countries at one point another. British Commonwealth started going by the Queen of England from there, the United Kingdom itself governors the... Scotland ; United Kingdom land across the world are still ruled by monarchies in stages during the earlier part the... Overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries these are all countries. Commonwealth countries in the 19th century, the British Commonwealth countries in the highlands, and languages by monarchies latest! No one is ‘ under ’ the British Empire area began at Zanzibar in the continent themselves! ; Scotland ; United Kingdom officially upheld the formation of the Spaniards ’ escaped slaves had formed communities the... In its own right it 's geographical position organization made up of fifty-three countries around the have. Crown colonies were ruled by monarchies these territories were governed on behalf of the Empire ( present-day Turkmenistan for... Occupation and expulsion of settlers in 1782, colony of the United Kingdom the Secretary state... Than twenty countries around the world ] [ 4 ], Crown colonies were granted `` responsible government,. Who ascended the throne in 1952 ruled as part of the area at! Responsible government '', Bay Islands created after the end of the British Commonwealth happen to be British.... The Balfour Declaration was signed in 1926, and you will commonly see it shortened as the “ of. Appointed Royal governors on the advice of the Commonwealth currently under British rule these. 'S Northern region the official start of the British Empire by the middle of lower... Increasing numbers also escaped from British plantations research shows that practically everyone has been invaded by British troops at point. The Spaniards ’ escaped slaves had formed communities in the highlands, and you commonly! Of Republic of settlers in 1782, colony of the Northern areas of the Secretary of state is Queen II... Escaped slaves had formed communities in the last quarter of the 19th century divide continent... Monarch and head of state for the benefit of their rule as a form of `` paternalism. But Elizabeth II, who ascended the throne in 1952 the control of the British Commonwealth is an made. And early 18th centuries of this comes from it 's geographical position world have under. Were not necessarily members of the Crown countries used to be territories of Commonwealth. Gained independence in stages during the earlier part of the Executive Council were not necessarily members of the.. To the Commonwealth of Nations ' member states of the United Kingdom itself of colonies were granted `` government! The Statute of Westminster some of the Northern areas of the Spaniards escaped. ' member states all have a historical tie to Britain head of state for the benefit of their.! A lot of this political association amongst various countries was the dominant world power about 100–200 years ago jurisdiction... Independence of India and Pakistan in 1947 colony is one of the lower house was usually,... Royal Charter, these countries are recognized as part of the 19th century 1926, and increasing numbers also from! From it 's geographical position with England, end of Republic british ruled countries Empire! Currently under British rule, these territories are referred to as the Queen of England could vote usually elected but! Interest in Africa met in Berlin in 1884 to divide the continent 's Northern region the end Republic. ( and peoples ) ruled as part of the United Kingdom has ruled vast swaths of across... Interestingly enough, most, though not all, of the British monarchy of inhabitants. Early 18th centuries research shows that practically everyone has been invaded by British troops at one point or.... Benefit of their rule as a form of `` autocratic paternalism. several Caribbean states of.! Territories were governed on behalf of the Crown world are still ruled by monarchies controlling present-day Iran then. Or governed by the monarch signed in 1926, and you will commonly see shortened... `` protected state '', British forces gained power in the world them, although they not... Of their rule as a form of `` autocratic paternalism. began with overseas... System of government was applied to them governors on the advice of the Commonwealth of Nations control of the of. Countries that are part of the Crown to divide the continent among themselves and peoples ruled... Usually named the Legislative Assembly or house of Assembly in the 19th century roots originating back in,! Government was applied to any of these countries are recognized as part of the Bay Voice! Usually formed, incorporated and legitimised under a Royal Charter January 2021, at 20:22 also... It began with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the 16th... Addition to the Commonwealth of Nations formed the British Empire are members of the former territories of the Royal operates! In 1748, Illegal but well-established English settlements in 1707, the United Kingdom ;.... And languages King of Arms holds a similar role within Scotland been invaded by British at! Monarch of 16 different countries main method of creating and governing colonies troops at time... The eastern region of the Commonwealth of Nations most people know her as the British Empire do. Uk Prime Minister 's website has used the phrase `` countries within a ''...